Food additives have become a necessity of all
types of food products and food industry. Right from the aroma of the
beverage, the texture of the food and its visual appeal, has to be
enriched to make it acceptable.
Natural Food Color is any dye obtained from any
vegetable, animal or mineral, that is capable of coloring food, drugs,
cosmetics or any part of human body. These natural colors come from variety
of sources such as seeds, fruits and vegetables, leaves, algae &
insects. According to the application a suitable Natural Color can be
achieved by keeping in mind the factors such as pH. heat, light, storage and
the other ingredients.
As per FDA color pigments having a natural origin are exempt from
certification. It does not carry any categorization as natural or synthetic.
The reason is that the source may be natural but it may or may not be
natural to the product it is added to.
There are 26 colors permitted to be used in food and 28 to be used in
cosmetics and pharmaceuticals. A few commonly used natural colors are
Annatto(seed), turmeric, beet juice (root), red Cabbage (vegetable), spinach
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