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Food Additives Food Additives
Food additives have become a necessity of all types of food products and food industry. Right from the aroma of the beverage, the texture of the food and its visual appeal, has to be enriched to make it acceptable.
Food Additives
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Food Additives > Other Food Condiments > Food Colorings

Blended Food Colors

Industry Overview

Food Colors

Food Colorings

A Roman saying goes that people "eat with their eyes" as much as with their palates. Saffron and other spices were often used to provide a rich yellow color to various foods even in the ancient civilizations. Let alone children, even adults are attracted towards colored food.

But what are food color additives? Technically speaking, a color additive is any dye, pigment or substance that can impart color when added or applied to a food, drug, cosmetic or to human body. Food colors are used in virtually every food product, be it dairy, confectionery, beverages, bakery and even cereals.

Types and Certification
Food colors used today are both synthetic and natural. Natural food colors for industrial or domestic use do not need any certification but the synthetic ones have to be certified for their safety standards by organizations like FDA (Food and Drug Administration) in United States of America. E.C. Marked colors are certified by the European Community. They have their own testing methods and numbering systems. The "approval" process or color additive certification, assures safety, quality, consistency and strength of the color additive prior to its use in foods.

Irrespective of the source that is natural or synthetic, colors have to be certified for their safety to be added to any food. Usually for the commercial purposes, artificial colors are preferred as they are more stable, provide better color uniformity and blend together easily. Certifiable color additives generally do not impart undesirable flavors to foods, while color derived from foods can produce such effects. The amount of color used in a particular food also has to be regulated and this regulation is known as Good Manufacturing Practices.

Certified color additives are known as dyes or lakes. Dyes are water-soluble and can be used in beverages, dry mixes, baked goods, confections, dairy products, pet foods, and other products. Lakes are insoluble in water and are more stable than dyes. They are preferred in foods containing fats and oils or those not having too much moisture like tablets, cake mixes, candies, and chewing gums.

Why Use Color Additives
Though there is a growing realization that the color additives should be used to the minimum, the fact is that the food doesn't even look presentable at times without it and appears inedible. Colors are used to bring a variation and maintain the natural appeal of the preserved food. Other uses include:

  • To preserve the color loss due to exposure environmental extremes.
  • To correct natural variations in color.
  • To enhance colors that occur naturally.
  • To provide a colorful identity to foods.
  • To protect flavors and vitamins that may be affected by sunlight during storage.

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